Paediatic Opthalmology


Paediatric Ophthalmology is a specialised branch of eye care dedicated to the unique visual and ocular health needs of children, from infancy through adolescence. The field addresses a wide range of eye conditions and visual disorders specific to the paediatric population. Early detection, diagnosis, and intervention are crucial in ensuring optimal eye health and visual development in children.

Types of Paediatric Eye Conditions


Strabismus, commonly known as “crossed eyes” or “lazy eye,” is a misalignment of the eyes. This condition can affect a child’s depth perception and coordination between the eyes.


Amblyopia, or “lazy eye,” occurs when one eye has weaker vision than the other. It often develops in childhood and may lead to permanent vision impairment if not addressed promptly.

Refractive Errors

Common refractive errors in children include myopia (nearsightedness), hyperopia (farsightedness), and astigmatism. Corrective lenses or other interventions are used to manage these conditions.

Congenital Cataracts

Congenital cataracts are clouding of the eye’s lens present at birth. Timely diagnosis and surgical intervention are crucial to prevent visual impairment.

Childhood Glaucoma

While rare, glaucoma can occur in children and may lead to increased intraocular pressure. Early diagnosis and treatment are essential to preserve vision.

Causes of Paediatric Eye Conditions

The causes of paediatric eye conditions can be diverse and may include genetic factors, premature birth, infections, injuries, or neurological disorders. Regular eye examinations during infancy and childhood can help identify potential issues early, allowing for prompt intervention.

Treatments in Paediatric Ophthalmology

Glasses and Contact Lenses

Corrective lenses are often prescribed to manage refractive errors and improve visual acuity. Regular monitoring and adjustments are necessary as a child’s eyes continue to develop.

Orthoptic Exercises

Orthoptic exercises aim to enhance eye coordination and improve conditions like strabismus. These exercises, supervised by a paediatric ophthalmologist, play a crucial role in vision therapy.


Some paediatric eye conditions may require surgical intervention. Procedures range from muscle surgeries to correct strabismus to cataract removal for congenital cataracts.

Ongoing Monitoring and Care

Paediatric ophthalmologists emphasise the importance of ongoing monitoring and follow-up care to track a child’s visual development and promptly address any emerging issues.

In conclusion, Paediatric Ophthalmology is a vital field ensuring that children receive the specialised eye care they need for healthy visual development. With a focus on early detection and a range of effective treatments, paediatric ophthalmologists play a crucial role in preserving and enhancing the vision of our youngest patients. If you have concerns about your child’s eyesight, schedule an appointment with a paediatric ophthalmologist for comprehensive and child-friendly eye care.